A gap year
O gap year é uma prática muito comum em alguns países do mundo, onde um estudante ou profissional passa um ano viajando para descansar ou mudar de vida. Aprenda aqui sobre esse hábito e sobre o Past perfect continuous tense!,,,
1 . Você alguma vez já quis mudar radicalmente a sua vida ou profissão? Já se sentiu cansado de fazer a mesma coisa? Como seria uma vida ideal para você?
2 . Leia e ouça a primeira parte da entrevista com Jonathan. Faça a correspondência entre as palavras abaixo e suas respectivas definições.
Consulte as palavras que você não conhece no Word Bank no final do post.
Did you think gap years are just for students? They were. But not now. More and more working people are taking gap years. They are leaving work for a year and doing things they have wanted to do for a long time. Recently I spoke to Jonathan, a former copywriter for an advertising agency in London, who took a gap year.
Jonathan: When I was thirty I suddenly realised I had been working all my life. I don’t mean working for a living exactly. I mean I had been at school for thirteen years, then gone straight to university. After I graduated, I found a job. I was thirty and I had never really done anything for myself. I had just broken up with my girlfriend – she wanted to get married and I didn’t. I do one day. I would like children, but not yet. I decided then that I would give up my job and travel to all the places I had always dreamed about. I did lots of overtime and in ten months I had the money. I bought a round-the-world air ticket and left London. It was a fantastic feeling.
3 a living
a) sair da universidade com um diploma
b) como você se sustenta, o que faz
c) aquele que escreve as mensagens de propaganda
d) horas extras trabalhadas após o expediente normal
e) o negócio de criar anúncios
3 . Leia a entrevista novamente e responda às seguintes perguntas sobre Jonathan.
1 What was Jonathan’s job before he went travelling?
2 What did he do when he graduated from university?
3 Why did he break up with his girlfriend?
4 How did he manage to get the money for the trip?
5 What did he buy when he had saved enough money?
4 . Ouça essa parte da entrevista com Jonathan. Você ouvirá mais alguns verbos preposicionais. Ligue esses verbos na coluna à esquerda (1–4) com a definição correta à direita (a–d).
1 head for
2 give up
3 head back
4 stay on
a) to continue being in the same place
b) to return to a place or thing
c) to go towards a place or thing
d) to stop doing something
Grammar: Past perfect continuous tense
Usamos o past perfect continuous para descrever uma ação que aconteceu durante um período de tempo até um determinado ponto no passado. O modelo de past perfect continuous é: had been + –ing do verbo principal.
My hands were wet because I had been washing the floor.
5 . Encontre dois exemplos de past perfect continuous na entrevista.
Escolha um dos verbos do quadro para completar as frases no past perfect continuous.
drive | work | play | live | wait
1 My boyfriend called to say he would be late. I was angry because I …………………… for him for over an hour.
2 Anna …………………… in an apartment in Los Angeles for five years when I visited her in 2003.
3 I suddenly realised I …………………… for the same company for ten years.
4 Peter was exhausted by lunch time. He …………………… on the freeway since 8 a.m.
5 I met Jane for dinner. She told me she …………………… golf all day.
advertising (substantivo) = publicidade
copywriter (substantivo) = redator publicitário
graduate (verbo) = formar-se
head back (verbo) = retornar
head for (verbo) = rumar para
living (substantivo) = meio de vida
move on (verbo) = avançar
overtime (substantivo) = hora extra
restriction (substantivo) = restrição
stay on (verbo) = permanecer (em um local)
1-c; 2-e; 3-b; 4-a; 5-d
1 He was a copywriter.
2 He got a job.
3 She wanted to get married and he didn’t.
4 He worked lots of overtime.
5 He bought a round-theworld air ticket.
1-c; 2-d; 3-b; 4-a
When I was thirty I suddenly realised I had been working all my life.
He had been living there for three years when I arrived.
1 had been waiting
2 had been living
3 had been working
4 had been driving
5 had been playing
- Lesson 1 - Meeting and greeting people
- Lesson 2 - Where do you come from?
- Lesson 3 - What do you do every day?
- Lesson 4 - Talk about your family
- Lesson 5 - Introducing people
- Lesson 6 - What work do you?
- Lesson 7 - Completing forms and giving personal details
- Lesson 8 - What can you do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 1
- Lesson 11 - Applying for a job (1)
- Lesson 12 - Leave a message
- Lesson 13 - Saying thank you
- Lesson 14 - What do you look like?
- Lesson 15 - Likes and dislikes (I)
- Lesson 16 - Likes and dislikes (2)
- Lesson 17 - Applying for a job (2)
- Lesson 18 - More family talk
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 2
- Lesson 1 - Asking where things are
- Lesson 2 - Giving directions
- Lesson 3 - Signs and notices (1)
- Lesson 4 - Telling the time
- Lesson 5 - Buying travel tickets
- Lesson 6 - What is happening?
- Lesson 7 - Signs and notices (2)
- Lesson 8 - What are you going to do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside mystery: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 3
- Lesson 11 - Asking about places
- Lesson 12 - How do you spell it?
- Lesson 13 - Finding out about cities
- Lesson 14 - Can you repeat that…?
- Lesson 15 - Making sense
- Lesson 16 - Finding out about countries
- Lesson 17 - Dealing with travel situations
- Lesson 18 - Ways to travel
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 4
- Lesson 1 - How much are they?
- Lesson 2 - Weights and measures
- Lesson 3 - Let’s have a takeaway!
- Lesson 4 - Convenience shopping
- Lesson 5 - Buying online
- Lesson 6 - Renting a room
- Lesson 7 - Hiring a car
- Lesson 8 - Placing an order
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 5
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 5
- Lesson 11 - How do you like to shop?
- Lesson 12 - Hotel information
- Lesson 13 - Checking in
- Lesson 14 - Making a complaint 1
- Lesson 15 - Checking out
- Lesson 16 - At the shopping center
- Lesson 17 - Exchanging goods
- Lesson 18 - Sending things by post
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 6
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 6
- Lesson 1 - Identifying people
- Lesson 2 - Is this yours?
- Lesson 3 - What do they want?
- Lesson 4 - Comparing people
- Lesson 5 - The biggest and the best
- Lesson 6 - Asking and answering questions
- Lesson 7 - What are they doing?
- Lesson 8 - Describing people
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 7
- Lesson 11 - Personalities
- Lesson 12 - What do you like doing?
- Lesson 13 - What did you do at the weekend?
- Lesson 14 - What was it like?
- Lesson 15 - Then and now
- Lesson 16 - Have you ever…?
- Lesson 17 - Multi-word verbs
- Lesson 18 - Party people
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 8
- Lesson 1 - Giving orders and making requests (1)
- Lesson 2 - Giving orders and making requests (2)
- Lesson 3 - Following and giving instructions
- Lesson 4 - Giving advice (1)
- Lesson 5 - Giving advice (2)
- Lesson 6 - Talking about obligation 1
- Lesson 7 - Saying how to do things
- Lesson 8 - Talking about quantity (1)
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 9
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 9
- Lesson 11 - Talking about quantity (2)
- Lesson 12 - Talking about quantity (3)
- Lesson 13 - Making suggestions and talking about probability
- Lesson 14 - Talking about cause and result
- Lesson 15 - Describing how something is done
- Lesson 16 - Describing something that is happening now
- Lesson 17 - Tell me about them
- Lesson 18 - Describing an action
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 10
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 10
- Lesson 1 - Asking about past events (1)
- Lesson 2 - Asking about past events (2)
- Lesson 3 - What were they doing?
- Lesson 4 - Telling a story
- Lesson 5 - What did you do next?
- Lesson 6 - When did it happen?
- Lesson 7 - Talking about obligation 2
- Lesson 8 - What’s going to happen?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 11
- Lesson 11 - Talking about future plans
- Lesson 12 - Saying when something is going to happen
- Lesson 13 - Talking about past events
- Lesson 14 - How do I get there?
- Lesson 15 - Reporting what people say (1)
- Lesson 16 - Famous lives
- Lesson 17 - Reporting what people say (2)
- Lesson 18 - Promises and resolutions
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 12
- Lesson 1 - Where do you like to go?
- Lesson 2 - Informal invitations
- Lesson 3 - Making travel plans
- Lesson 4 - Talking about the weather
- Lesson 5 - The hottest day
- Lesson 6 - What will you have?
- Lesson 7 - Making predictions
- Lesson 8 - Planning something special
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 13
- Lesson 11 - Making reservations
- Lesson 12 - Changing plans
- Lesson 13 - Let’s find out
- Lesson 14 - Could you tell me?
- Lesson 15 - Home and away
- Lesson 16 - I’m busy!
- Lesson 17 - A week away
- Lesson 18 - Keeping in touch
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 14
- Lesson 1 - Very entertaining
- Lesson 2 - Absolutely!
- Lesson 3 - Agreeing with someone
- Lesson 4 - Disagreeing with someone
- Lesson 5 - That’s ridiculous!
- Lesson 6 - Expressing preferences
- Lesson 7 - Wish you were here
- Lesson 8 - I can’t bear it…
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 15
- Lesson 11 - What do you think?
- Lesson 12 - I’m sorry…
- Lesson 13 - Giving explanations
- Lesson 14 - That’s quite all right
- Lesson 15 - Making a complaint 2
- Lesson 16 - Responding to a complaint
- Lesson 17 - On the contrary…
- Lesson 18 - Reaching a compromise
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 16
- Lesson 1 - Can I help you?
- Lesson 2 - Your call cannot be taken…
- Lesson 3 - Check it out!
- Lesson 4 - This is a message for…
- Lesson 5 - Just returning your call…
- Lesson 6 - CU L8ter
- Lesson 7 - Something has come up
- Lesson 8 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 5
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 17
- Lesson 10 - First of all…
- Lesson 11 - Advertising language
- Lesson 12 - I will let you know
- Lesson 13 - Saying it by text
- Lesson 14 - Signs as messages
- Lesson 15 - I’m sorry to have to tell you
- Lesson 16 - Facts and rumours
- Lesson 17 - Understanding our differences
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 6
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 18
- Lesson 1 - A drink for special occasions
- Lesson 2 - Changing jobs
- Lesson 3 - A new life
- Lesson 4 - Relax!
- Lesson 5 - Getting away from it all
- Lesson 6 - A gap year
- Lesson 7 - Now and then
- Lesson 8 - Changes
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 19
- Lesson 11 - Time out in Barcelona
- Lesson 12 - Downshifting
- Lesson 13 - Is downshifting for you?
- Lesson 14 - Getting used to things
- Lesson 15 - A different kind of life
- Lesson 16 - What’s happening?
- Lesson 17 - What happens next?
- Lesson 18 - The way we are
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 20
- Lesson 1 - How do you feel? (1)
- Lesson 2 - How do you feel? (2)
- Lesson 3 - How would you feel?
- Lesson 4 - Cheer up!
- Lesson 5 - I don’t believe it!
- Lesson 6 - I want, I want, I want …
- Lesson 7 - It’s your choice
- Lesson 8 - In my opinion…
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 21
- Lesson 10 - A bit of a disaster
- Lesson 11 - I’m certain
- Lesson 12 - I’m absolutely certain
- Lesson 13 - What a lovely meal!
- Lesson 14 - I’m sorry
- Lesson 15 - Expressing your views (1)
- Lesson 16 - Expressing your views (2)
- Lesson 17 - An interview
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 10
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 22
- Lesson 1 - Persuading someone (1)
- Lesson 2 - Persuading someone (2)
- Lesson 3 - Would you mind if I left early?
- Lesson 4 - Can I help?
- Lesson 5 - Can I offer you something to drink?
- Lesson 6 - Advice and regret
- Lesson 7 - I’m sorry, I can’t…
- Lesson 8 - Justifying your actions
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 23
- Lesson 11 - What should I do?
- Lesson 12 - Agreeing and disagreeing
- Lesson 13 - That’s settled then…
- Lesson 14 - I’ll meet you halfway…
- Lesson 15 - Making comparisons
- Lesson 16 - Do you approve?
- Lesson 17 - I’d rather not say…
- Lesson 18 - No, of course not…
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 24