A busca por um emprego é um passo importante na vida de todos. Ao aprender sobre os termos for e since , esta lição ensina expressões e termos específicos do mercado de trabalho.
1 . Onde você costuma procurar ofertas de emprego? Em anúncios de jornais?
2 . Leia o anúncio de emprego abaixo. Consulte no Word Bank o significado das palavras que você ainda não conhece.
Group Marketing Manager – Hotels
We are looking for an energetic person to market our budget hotels. The successful candidate will have excellent presentation skills and experience of working in the hotel industry. You will be fluent in English and at least one other European language. Competitive salary, car and petrol allowance and an excellent pension plan. Please reply with full CV by email to …
3 . Leia o currículo de uma candidata ao cargo. Depois, leia as informações ao lado do currículo que estão na carta de apresentação. Relacione as frases com a parte apropriada do currículo da candidata. A mesma parte do currículo pode estar relacionada a várias frases.
a) After I completed my course in 1995, I worked in France for two years.
b) Lately, I have been finding and developing new business for the company.
c) As you can see from my CV, I speak four languages (including English), and I am fluent in all of them.
d) While I was manager, I was responsible for all the business clients and
e) In my current job, I have travelled a lot in Europe and I have made some very good contacts, particularly in eastern and central Europe.
f) I took a hotel management course in Geneva.This lasted for three years.
Grammar: since / for
Usamos since quando descrevemos uma atividade ou evento que teve início em uma data específica e continua até o presente.
Since 1993, I have been involved in the company’s marketing strategy.
Usamos for para indicar por quanto tempo uma atividade ou acontecimento durou.
I worked in France for two years.
4 . Observe os verbos nas frases da carta de Helena.
Que verbos ela usa para falar de suas habilidades, empregos e experiências? Anote-os.
Que tempo verbal ela usa para falar de suas habilidades?
Que tempo verbal ela usa para falar de suas experiências profissionais e acadêmicas?
Que dois tempos verbais ela usa para falar de seu emprego atual?
5 . Ouça uma parte da entrevista de emprego realizada com Helena e leia o currículo novamente. Escolha a melhor palavra, since ou for, para completar as frases sobre Helena.
1 She studied hotel management for / since three years.
2 She lived in Dubai for / since two years.
3 She has worked in Rome for / since 2000.
4 She has had three jobs for / since she finished her course.
5 She has been responsible for new business at La Scala Hotels for / since 2000.
6 She lived in France for / since two years.
Use since ou for para completar as frases a seguir.
1 I have been working in Geneva ……………… two years.
2 I have been working in Geneva ……………… 2003.
3 She hasn’t had a holiday ……………… last year.
4 He’s been away from work ……………… two weeks.
5 He’s been really happy ……………… he started work here.
6 She’s been very busy ……………… the last three months – ……………… April,
allowance (substantivo) = permissão
candidate (substantivo) = candidato
competitive (adjetivo) = competitivo
current (adjetivo) = atual
diploma (substantivo) = diploma
energetic (adjetivo) = ativo, cheio de energia
industry (substantivo) = indústria
market (verbo) = vender
professional (adjetivo) = profissional
successful (adjetivo) = bem-sucedido
1-f; 2-b, e; 3-d; 4-a; 5-c
a completed (past) / worked (past)
b have been finding and developing (present perfect continuous)
c speak (present) / am (present)
d was (past) / was (past)
e have travelled (present perfect) / have made (present perfect)
f took (past) / lasted (past)
Helena uses the present tense to talk about her abilities.
Helena uses the past tense to talk about her past jobs and schooling.
Helena uses the present perfect and the present perfect continuous tenses to talk about her present job.
6 for / since
- Lesson 1 - Meeting and greeting people
- Lesson 2 - Where do you come from?
- Lesson 3 - What do you do every day?
- Lesson 4 - Talk about your family
- Lesson 5 - Introducing people
- Lesson 6 - What work do you?
- Lesson 7 - Completing forms and giving personal details
- Lesson 8 - What can you do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 1
- Lesson 11 - Applying for a job (1)
- Lesson 12 - Leave a message
- Lesson 13 - Saying thank you
- Lesson 14 - What do you look like?
- Lesson 15 - Likes and dislikes (I)
- Lesson 16 - Likes and dislikes (2)
- Lesson 17 - Applying for a job (2)
- Lesson 18 - More family talk
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 2
- Lesson 1 - Asking where things are
- Lesson 2 - Giving directions
- Lesson 3 - Signs and notices (1)
- Lesson 4 - Telling the time
- Lesson 5 - Buying travel tickets
- Lesson 6 - What is happening?
- Lesson 7 - Signs and notices (2)
- Lesson 8 - What are you going to do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside mystery: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 3
- Lesson 11 - Asking about places
- Lesson 12 - How do you spell it?
- Lesson 13 - Finding out about cities
- Lesson 14 - Can you repeat that…?
- Lesson 15 - Making sense
- Lesson 16 - Finding out about countries
- Lesson 17 - Dealing with travel situations
- Lesson 18 - Ways to travel
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 4
- Lesson 1 - How much are they?
- Lesson 2 - Weights and measures
- Lesson 3 - Let’s have a takeaway!
- Lesson 4 - Convenience shopping
- Lesson 5 - Buying online
- Lesson 6 - Renting a room
- Lesson 7 - Hiring a car
- Lesson 8 - Placing an order
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 5
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 5
- Lesson 11 - How do you like to shop?
- Lesson 12 - Hotel information
- Lesson 13 - Checking in
- Lesson 14 - Making a complaint 1
- Lesson 15 - Checking out
- Lesson 16 - At the shopping center
- Lesson 17 - Exchanging goods
- Lesson 18 - Sending things by post
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 6
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 6
- Lesson 1 - Identifying people
- Lesson 2 - Is this yours?
- Lesson 3 - What do they want?
- Lesson 4 - Comparing people
- Lesson 5 - The biggest and the best
- Lesson 6 - Asking and answering questions
- Lesson 7 - What are they doing?
- Lesson 8 - Describing people
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 7
- Lesson 11 - Personalities
- Lesson 12 - What do you like doing?
- Lesson 13 - What did you do at the weekend?
- Lesson 14 - What was it like?
- Lesson 15 - Then and now
- Lesson 16 - Have you ever…?
- Lesson 17 - Multi-word verbs
- Lesson 18 - Party people
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 8
- Lesson 1 - Giving orders and making requests (1)
- Lesson 2 - Giving orders and making requests (2)
- Lesson 3 - Following and giving instructions
- Lesson 4 - Giving advice (1)
- Lesson 5 - Giving advice (2)
- Lesson 6 - Talking about obligation 1
- Lesson 7 - Saying how to do things
- Lesson 8 - Talking about quantity (1)
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 9
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 9
- Lesson 11 - Talking about quantity (2)
- Lesson 12 - Talking about quantity (3)
- Lesson 13 - Making suggestions and talking about probability
- Lesson 14 - Talking about cause and result
- Lesson 15 - Describing how something is done
- Lesson 16 - Describing something that is happening now
- Lesson 17 - Tell me about them
- Lesson 18 - Describing an action
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 10
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 10
- Lesson 1 - Asking about past events (1)
- Lesson 2 - Asking about past events (2)
- Lesson 3 - What were they doing?
- Lesson 4 - Telling a story
- Lesson 5 - What did you do next?
- Lesson 6 - When did it happen?
- Lesson 7 - Talking about obligation 2
- Lesson 8 - What’s going to happen?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 11
- Lesson 11 - Talking about future plans
- Lesson 12 - Saying when something is going to happen
- Lesson 13 - Talking about past events
- Lesson 14 - How do I get there?
- Lesson 15 - Reporting what people say (1)
- Lesson 16 - Famous lives
- Lesson 17 - Reporting what people say (2)
- Lesson 18 - Promises and resolutions
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 12
- Lesson 1 - Where do you like to go?
- Lesson 2 - Informal invitations
- Lesson 3 - Making travel plans
- Lesson 4 - Talking about the weather
- Lesson 5 - The hottest day
- Lesson 6 - What will you have?
- Lesson 7 - Making predictions
- Lesson 8 - Planning something special
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 13
- Lesson 11 - Making reservations
- Lesson 12 - Changing plans
- Lesson 13 - Let’s find out
- Lesson 14 - Could you tell me?
- Lesson 15 - Home and away
- Lesson 16 - I’m busy!
- Lesson 17 - A week away
- Lesson 18 - Keeping in touch
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 14
- Lesson 1 - Very entertaining
- Lesson 2 - Absolutely!
- Lesson 3 - Agreeing with someone
- Lesson 4 - Disagreeing with someone
- Lesson 5 - That’s ridiculous!
- Lesson 6 - Expressing preferences
- Lesson 7 - Wish you were here
- Lesson 8 - I can’t bear it…
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 15
- Lesson 11 - What do you think?
- Lesson 12 - I’m sorry…
- Lesson 13 - Giving explanations
- Lesson 14 - That’s quite all right
- Lesson 15 - Making a complaint 2
- Lesson 16 - Responding to a complaint
- Lesson 17 - On the contrary…
- Lesson 18 - Reaching a compromise
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 16
- Lesson 1 - Can I help you?
- Lesson 2 - Your call cannot be taken…
- Lesson 3 - Check it out!
- Lesson 4 - This is a message for…
- Lesson 5 - Just returning your call…
- Lesson 6 - CU L8ter
- Lesson 7 - Something has come up
- Lesson 8 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 5
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 17
- Lesson 10 - First of all…
- Lesson 11 - Advertising language
- Lesson 12 - I will let you know
- Lesson 13 - Saying it by text
- Lesson 14 - Signs as messages
- Lesson 15 - I’m sorry to have to tell you
- Lesson 16 - Facts and rumours
- Lesson 17 - Understanding our differences
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 6
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 18
- Lesson 1 - A drink for special occasions
- Lesson 2 - Changing jobs
- Lesson 3 - A new life
- Lesson 4 - Relax!
- Lesson 5 - Getting away from it all
- Lesson 6 - A gap year
- Lesson 7 - Now and then
- Lesson 8 - Changes
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 19
- Lesson 11 - Time out in Barcelona
- Lesson 12 - Downshifting
- Lesson 13 - Is downshifting for you?
- Lesson 14 - Getting used to things
- Lesson 15 - A different kind of life
- Lesson 16 - What’s happening?
- Lesson 17 - What happens next?
- Lesson 18 - The way we are
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 20
- Lesson 1 - How do you feel? (1)
- Lesson 2 - How do you feel? (2)
- Lesson 3 - How would you feel?
- Lesson 4 - Cheer up!
- Lesson 5 - I don’t believe it!
- Lesson 6 - I want, I want, I want …
- Lesson 7 - It’s your choice
- Lesson 8 - In my opinion…
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 21
- Lesson 10 - A bit of a disaster
- Lesson 11 - I’m certain
- Lesson 12 - I’m absolutely certain
- Lesson 13 - What a lovely meal!
- Lesson 14 - I’m sorry
- Lesson 15 - Expressing your views (1)
- Lesson 16 - Expressing your views (2)
- Lesson 17 - An interview
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 10
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 22
- Lesson 1 - Persuading someone (1)
- Lesson 2 - Persuading someone (2)
- Lesson 3 - Would you mind if I left early?
- Lesson 4 - Can I help?
- Lesson 5 - Can I offer you something to drink?
- Lesson 6 - Advice and regret
- Lesson 7 - I’m sorry, I can’t…
- Lesson 8 - Justifying your actions
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 23
- Lesson 11 - What should I do?
- Lesson 12 - Agreeing and disagreeing
- Lesson 13 - That’s settled then…
- Lesson 14 - I’ll meet you halfway…
- Lesson 15 - Making comparisons
- Lesson 16 - Do you approve?
- Lesson 17 - I’d rather not say…
- Lesson 18 - No, of course not…
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 24