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Stage 8

Giving explanations

Saber pedir ou dar explicações é necessário no dia a dia de todos. Por isso, nesta lição, vamos aprender a fazer isso em inglês.

1 . Quais são as explicações dadas pelas pessoas quando elas fazem algo de errado? Faça a correspondência entre as explicações (a–f) e as perguntas (1–6).

1 Why are you late?

2 Why did you fail your driving test?

3 Why didn’t you pass your exam?

4 How did you lose your keys?

5 Why didn’t you book a table for dinner?

6 Why is your suit so wet?

a) Their phone was engaged every time I tried to phone.

b) My car broke down and I had to walk home in the rain.

c) I think I drove too fast.

d) The plane was delayed.

e) I didn’t do enough work at college.

f) I left my bag on the train.

Word power

Aqui estão algumas frases que usamos quando queremos dizer que algo não foi de nossa responsabilidade.

It wasn’t me!
It wasn’t my fault!
I couldn’t help it.
It was an accident.
I didn’t mean to …

2 . Você ouvirá as explicações dadas por cinco pessoas. Identifique as expressões do quadro Word Power e relacione com o narrador correto.

3 . Ouça novamente e anote as explicações que são mencionadas.

driving too fast

dog ran out

mother talks too much

food was disgusting

had to go shopping

had to see a friend

bumped into somebody

fell over something

not enough time

questions were very hard

gave up my job

Grammar: must

1 . Você pode usar must para expressar o que acredita ser verdade devido a determinados fatos ou situações.
He’s very good-looking. He must be a film star or something.
They are very late. They must have missed the bus.

2 . Você pode usar must ou must not para dizer que algo é ou não permitido.
It’s seven o’clock. You must get up.
I’ve told you before. You mustn’t phone me at work.

4 . Encontre dois exemplos do primeiro uso de must (para expressar o que você acredita ser verdade) nessa lição.

5 . Complete as frases abaixo com must ou mustn’t para expressar os dois significados descritos no quadro de gramática. Em seguida, escreva qual significado está sendo usado.

1 We ……………… drive slowly in town.

2 You ……………… be very rich to drive a car like that.

3 You have eaten all the food. You ……………… have been very hungry.

4 I ……………… go out in the sun. It’s bad for me.

5 They ……………… know my father. He’s a famous doctor.

6 She ……………… go swimming in the lake alone.

20 minutes+

Complete as frases abaixo com palavras aprendidas nessa lição.

1 It’s not my ……………… we got lost.

2 I didn’t ……………… to hurt you.

3 He broke the chair but it was an ……………… .

4 I had too much to eat but the food was so delicious I couldn’t ……………… it.

5 You’ve already had three biscuits so you ……………… have any more.

6 She ……………… have worked very hard to pass that exam.


Word Bank

brake (substantivo) = freio

bump (into) (verbo) = chocar-se com alguém

disaster (substantivo) = desastre

engaged (adjetivo) = ocupado (telefone)

revision (substantivo) = revisão


Respostas:

Exercício 1

1-d; 2-c; 3-e; 4-f; 5-a; 6-b

Exercício 2

Speaker 1: It was an accident.

Speaker 2: I couldn’t help it!

Speaker 3: I didn’t mean to

Speaker 4: It wasn’t me!

Speaker 5: It wasn’t my fault

Exercício 3

dog ran out

mother talks too much

food was disgusting

had to see a friend

fell over something

not enough time

questions were very hard

Exercício 4

Speaker 4: … he must have fallen over something … he must have fallen over that box.

Exercício 5

1 must – meaning 2

2 must – meaning 1

3 must – meaning 1

4 mustn’t – meaning 2

5 must – meaning 1

6 mustn’t – meaning 2

20 minutes+

1 fault

2 mean

3 accident

4 help

5 mustn’t

6 must