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Stage 11

I’m absolutely certain

1 . Reordene as letras em itálico para formar as palavras que usamos quando temos certeza do que falamos.

1 I’m ersu he’s telling the truth.

2 I’m sipoveit the company will succeed.

3 He’s neraict the exam will be easy.

4 We’re all nocfditen he’s going to give us a pay rise.

5 I’ve no tobud that fast food is bad for you.

Do you know?

Podemos usar fairly ou reasonably antes de um adjetivo que expressa certeza se temos quase certeza de que a afirmação é verdadeira.

I’m fairly sure he’s telling the truth.
We’re reasonably certain it’s in good condition.

Podemos usar quite ou absolutely antes de um adjetivo que expressa certeza se temos absoluta certeza de que a afirmação é verdadeira.

I’m absolutely positive that exercise will help you to keep healthy.
I’m quite sure these shoes were cheaper in another shop.

2 . Você ouvirá quatro pessoas conversarem sobre alguns produtos novos (1-3) que serão desenvolvidos pela empresa na qual trabalham. Diga o número de pessoas que acredita que o produto apresenta:

a) a very good chance of succeeding,

b) a reasonably good chance of succeeding,

c) a poor chance of succeeding.

Produto 1) ‘No skins’ banana peeler

Produto 2) ‘Froth-u-up’ key-ring coffee whisk

Produto 3) ‘Doggy boots’ shoes for dogs

Grammar: Modal verbs

Podemos usar must para expressar uma dedução sobre o passado e o presente.

He must be mad.  (presente)
He must have been mad.  (passado)

Para o futuro, podemos usar must be going to ou sure

Look at those clouds. It must be going to rain. = It’s sure to rain.

Podemos usar might, may ou could  para expressar possibilidade ou uma opinião.

She might / could / may be buying some new boots.  (presente)
She might / could / may have bought some new boots.  (passsado)
She might / could / may buy some new boots tomorrow.  (futuro)

3 . Observe as situações abaixo e responda usando um dos verbos modais ou as expressões do quadro acima, como no exemplo. Use a voz passiva, se necessário.

1 I was waiting for the bus when a man came towards me with a knife.

2 My computer wouldn’t work when I tried to use it last night.

3 There’s a strange noise coming from my car engine.

4 My boss shouted at me this morning.

5 I can smell something burning.

6 I felt OK last night, but I’m feeling really ill this morning.

20 minutes+

Relacione as frases (1–6) com uma resposta apropriada (a-f). Em alguns casos, mais de uma resposta é possível.

 1 I’m working twelve hours a day at the moment.

 2 Jo promised to ring me this morning.

 3 We were turning the corner when we lost control of the car.

 4 Bill starts his new job today.

 5 Jemma hasn’t come to work this morning.

 6 Samantha didn’t send me a birthday card.

 a) That must have been terrifying!

 b) He’s sure to do well. He’s so good at everything he does.

 c) You must be feeling exhausted.

 d) She must have forgotten what day it was.

 e) She might have overslept.

 f) She might be busy. She’ll probably call later.


Word Bank

overslept / oversleep (verbo) = dormir demais, perder a hora

poor chance (substantivo) = poucas chances

positive (adjetivo) = certo, seguro

reasonably (advérbio) = razoavelmente

succeeding / succeed (verbo) = ter êxito


Respostas:

Exercício 1

1 sure

2 positive

3 certain

4 confident

5 doubt

Exercício 2

Produto 1

a 2 people

b 1 person

c 1 person

Produto 2

a 1 person

b 1 person

c 2 people

Produto 3

a 1 person

b 1 person

c 2 people

Exercício 3

Model answers:

1 You must have been terrified!

2 You must have been very annoyed.

3 It might need to be repaired.

4 He could have had some bad news.

5 There must be something in the cooker.

6 You might have flu.

20 minutes+

1 c

2 e or f

3 a

4 b

5 e

6 d or f