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Stage 12

Justifying your actions

Aumente seus conhecimentos sobre as condicionais do inglês enquanto aprende a justificar suas ações!

1 . Você já teve de justificar suas ações para alguém? Quais eram as circunstâncias? Foi algo fácil ou difícil de se fazer?

2 . Ouça a gravação. Mike Kearney acabou de voltar de uma conferência em Nova York. O patrão dele não está muito satisfeito e está conversando com ele pelo telefone. Diga os motivos do descontentamento do patrão de Mike.

 Mike Kearney…

1  … was late for the first conference.

2  … missed his flight.

3  … flew with an expensive airline to get to New York.

4  … took a taxi to get to the airport.

5  … stayed in an expensive hotel.

6  … ate too much.

7  … spent too much money in expensive restaurants.

8  … stayed too long in New York.

9  … spent too much time with just one customer.

10  … didn’t make much money for the company.

3 . Ouça a próxima gravação, na qual Mike se justifica. Antes de ouvir, tente adivinhar quais os possíveis motivos que Mike dará.

1 I didn’t fly with International Air because…

2 I didn’t take the train to the airport because…

3 I stayed at the best hotel in New York so that…

4 I ate in the best restaurants so that…

5 I stayed an extra day because…

6 I spent a whole day with Mr Sato because…

Grammar: Conditionals

Podemos usar as orações condicionais para justificar ações passadas. A forma é If  + past perfect ; (oração principal) would  / wouldn’t  + present perfect .

If I hadn’t left early, I would have got stuck in the traffic.
If I hadn’t flown with Royal Air, I would have missed the beginning of the conference.

4 . Ouça novamente a gravação e relacione as justificativas de Mike, à esquerda, com seus motivos, à direita.

 1 If I hadn’t flown with Royal Air,

 2 If I hadn’t taken a taxi to the airport,

 3 If I hadn’t stayed in the best hotel,

 4 If I hadn’t eaten in the best restaurants,

 5 If I hadn’t stayed another night,

 6 If I hadn’t spent so much time with Mr Sato,

 a) our customers would have thought our company was doing badly.

 b) I wouldn’t have met our Canadian customers.

 c) I wouldn’t have got such a big order.

 d) I would have missed the beginning of the conference.

 e) I wouldn’t have entertained our customers so well.

 f) I would have missed the flight.

5 . Observe as frases a seguir e verifique se elas estão corretas gramaticalmente. Diga quais as frases corretas e corrija as erradas.

1 If I seen you, I would have said hello.

2 If I hadn’t bought so much food, there wouldn’t have been enough for everybody.

3 If we hadn’t took a map with us, we would have got lost.

4 If she hadn’t worked so hard, she would have fail her exam.

5 If we hadn’t spent so long on the project, it wouldn’t have been so successful.

6 If you had woken up earlier, you wouldn’t have been late for work.

20 minutes+

No exercício 2, o patrão de Mike Kearney usa uma expressão formal para mostrar que está furioso: I’m not at all pleased with you. Normalmente, quando estamos irritados ou insatisfeitos, usamos expressões mais curtas. Ouça a gravação e depois escreva as respostas que você ouviu. As palavras no quadro abaixo podem ajudar.

not | a | that’s | What | enough | just | Why | on | That | isn’t | really | earth | great | good | Oh | nuisance


Word Bank

charter flight  (substantivo) = vôo charter, vôo fretado

customer (substantivo) = cliente

enough (advérbio) = bastante, suficiente

entertain (verbo) = divertir, distrair

expenses (substantivo) = despesas

trip (substantivo) = viagem


Respostas:

Exercício 2

3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9

Exercício 4

1 d

2 f

3 a

4 e

5 b

6 c

Exercício 5

1 If I had seen you, …

2

3 If we hadn’t taken a map with us, …

4 … she would have failed her exam.

5

6

20 minutes+

1 What a nuisance!

2 Oh, that’s just great!

3 Why on earth not?

4 That really isn’t good enough.