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Stage 6

Talking about obligation

Nesta aula do nosso curso online de inglês, você aprenderá a falar sobre obrigações, usando had to e should have.

1 . Você já faltou a um compromisso? Por quê? O que aconteceu depois?

2 . Você ouvirá duas pessoas conversarem sobre um compromisso ao qual uma delas faltou. Em seguida, complete o bilhete abaixo.

Dear Bob,

Sorry I missed our date yesterday. As you know, Monday was a bank holiday and I (1) …………….…… go to work. But because I didn’t work on Monday, I (2) ……………… stay late and work overtime on Tuesday. I know I (3) ………………….. called you to let you know, but I was so busy that I completely forgot about the time. However, that is no excuse for the message you left me. You (4) ……………….. spoken to me like that. I’ll make up for missing our date on Tuesday, but I expect an apology from you too!

Jackie

Do you know?

● Os feriados nacionais são chamados de bank holidays (RU) e de public holidays (EUA).

Grammar: had to / should have

Usamos had to + verbo no infinitivo para falar sobre algo que era importante ou necessário de se fazer no passado.
We had to arrive at eight o’clock to check in for the ten o’clock flight.

Usamos should have + verbo no particípio passado para falar sobre algo que era importante de se fazer no passado, mas que não foi feito.
I should have called you, but I forgot. I’m sorry.

Usamos shouldn’t have + verbo no particípio passado para falar sobre algo que não deveria ter sido feito no passado, mas foi feito.
She shouldn’t have made so much noise. She upset the neighbours.

Usamos didn’t have to + verbo no infinitivo para falar sobre algo que não era necessário de se fazer no passado.
You didn’t have to buy so much food. There’s lots of food in the fridge.

3 . Associe as frases da coluna à esquerda com as definições da coluna à direita. Use as palavras em itálico para ajudá-lo.

1 I had to stay late and work overtime.

2 I should have called him to let him know.

3 He shouldn’t have spoken to you like that.

4 I didn’t have to go to work because it was a bank holiday.

a) Isso era algo importante a se fazer, mas não foi feito.

b) Isso era algo desnecessário.

c) Isso era algo importante a se fazer, e foi feito.

d) Isso era algo errado a se fazer, mas foi feito.

4 . Complete as frases com had to, should have, shouldn’t have ou didn’t have to + um dos verbos do quadro abaixo.

eaten | told | spent | left | take | wor

1 You ……………………… that chicken – it wasn’t completely cooked!

2 We ……………………… earlier. Now we’ll be late.

3 I didn’t meet you yesterday because I …………………… overtime.

4 We …………………… so much money in the restaurant! Now we can’t afford to get a taxi home!

5 You ……………………… a taxi to the city centre. There’s a cheap, reliable bus service.

6 You ……………………… your boss you would be late. He’s really angry!

5 . Você estava correto? Ouça a gravação para conferir suas respostas.

20 minutes+

Complete as frases. Você consegue se lembrar de alguma situação recente em que:

1 You had to do something?

I had to ………………………… because …………………………………

2 You should have done something?

I should have ……………………………… because …………………………………

3 You shouldn’t have done something?

I shouldn’t have …………………………… because …………………………………

4 You didn’t have to do something?

I didn’t have to …………………………… because …………………………………


Respostas:

Exercício 2

1 didn’t have to

2 had to

3 should have

4 shouldn’t have

Exercício 3

1-c; 2-a; 3-d; 4-b

Exercício 4

1 shouldn’t have eaten

2 should have left

3 had to work

4 shouldn’t have spent

5 didn’t have to take

6 should have told

20 minutes+

Model answers:

1 I had to work overtime because there was a lot of work to do.

2 I should have played tennis because I need to get some exercise.

3 I shouldn’t have made so much noise because it upset the neighbours.

4 I didn’t have to cook a meal because my friend took me out for dinner.