Nesta aula do nosso curso online de inglês, você aprenderá a falar sobre algo que foi dito anteriormente, usando o discurso indireto.
1 . Ouça o diálogo entre Emma e Tom. Ambos começaram recentemente em empregos novos. Quem diz as frases a seguir, Emma ou Tom?
1 You look a bit ill.
2 I’m working quite hard at the moment.
3 I need a holiday.
4 How’s the new job?
5 I’m getting on really well.
6 Are you enjoying your new job?
7 I hate it.
8 I’m arguing a lot with my boss.
2 . Ouça a gravação novamente e diga se as frases abaixo são verdadeiras ou falsas.
1 Emma thinks Tom looks tired.
2 Tom feels ill.
3 Tom is busy at work.
4 Tom likes his new job.
5 Emma is enjoying her new job.
6 Emma argues with her boss.
Grammar: Reported speech (1)
Quando queremos dizer a alguém o que dissemos anteriormente, ou o que alguém nos disse anteriormente, usamos o discurso indireto. Se a ação no discurso direto está no presente, usamos said (that) e mudamos o verbo na oração principal para o passado.
‘You look a bit ill.’ (discurso direto)
I said (that) he looked a bit ill. (discurso indireto)
Se a ação no discurso direto está no present continuous, usamos o past continuous no discurso indireto.
‘I’m working quite hard at the moment.’ (discurso direto)
He said (that) he was working quite hard at the moment. (discurso indireto)
3 . Observe este trecho extraído de uma carta que Emma escreveu para um amigo e preencha as lacunas com said e os verbos no quadro.
was getting on | needed | was arguing | looked | was working | was | hated
…Anyway, I bumped into Tom yesterday morning. Do you remember him from school? He didn’t look too good. I (1) ……… he ………… ill (not very diplomatic of me!). He (2) ……… he …………….……. hard and he (3) ……………. a holiday. I think he probably needs a very long holiday but of course, I didn’t say that to him! He also (4) ……………. that he …………….……. really well in his new job. I (5) ……… that I …………….my new job. He asked why, and I (6) ……… that I ……………. a lot with my boss. He (7) ……… he ……… sorry to hear that. Still, enough about me. What are you up to these days?
4 . Transforme os discursos diretos a seguir em discursos indiretos.
1 ‘I like the people in my office.’ (She)
2 ‘I get on well with my new boss.’ (John)
3 ‘I need a holiday.’ (He)
4 ‘I am enjoying my new job very much.’ (Emma)
5 ‘We are too tired to go to the cinema.’ (They)
Observe o discurso indireto. Qual era o discurso direto?
1 He said he lived in Brighton.
2 She said she was working late.
3 He said that he was learning Russian.
4 They said they really liked the new bus service.
5 He said he spoke a little French and some Dutch.
bell (substantivo) = campainha
collection (substantivo) = coleção
corner (substantivo) = esquina
corridor (substantivo) = corredor
hangings (substantivo) = colgadura, tapeçaria
knock (verbo) = bater à porta ou à janela para chamar a atenção
square (substantivo) = quadrado
statue (substantivo) = estátua
diplomatic (adjetivo) = diplomático
pale (adjetivo) = pálido
EMMA: 1, 4, 7, 8
TOM: 2, 3, 5, 6
1 said (he) looked
2 said (he) was working
4 said (that he) was getting on
5 said (that I) hated
6 said (that I) was arguing
7 said (he) was
1 She said she liked the people in her office
2 John said that he got on well with his new boss.
3 He said he needed a holiday.
4 Emma said she was enjoying her new job very much.
5 They said they were too tired to go to the cinema.
1 ‘I live in Brighton.’
2 I am working late.
3 I am learning Russian.
4 We really like the new bus service.
5 I speak a little French and some Dutch.