What do they want?
Nesta aula do nosso curso online de inglês, você aprenderá a falar sobre automóveis. Além disso, esta lição abordará o uso de adjetivos comparativos e mais.
1 . Você dirige? Que veículo você dirige? Você acredita que o modelo do automóvel revela alguma coisa sobre a personalidade de quem o dirige?
2 . Ouça a gravação. Você ouvirá algumas pessoas conversarem sobre os automóveis que desejam comprar. Associe as pessoas (1–4) aos automóveis que desejam (A–D).
Usamos adjetivos comparativos para comparar dois elementos. Acrescentamos –er ao fim de adjetivos curtos para formar o comparativo.
loud → louder
quiet → quieter
short → shorter
soft → softer
The red carpet is softer than the blue one, but the blue carpet is cheaper.
A consoante final dos adjetivos que terminam com uma vogal breve seguida
por uma consoante é geralmente dobrada.
slim → slimmer
big → bigger
Adjetivos terminados com y mudam para -ier.
friendly → friendlier
crazy → crazier
Susan is much happier in her new job.
The test today was easier than the test last week.
Acrescenta-se more antes da maior parte dos adjetivos longos que não terminam em -y (com três ou mais sílabas).
beautiful → more beautiful
handsome → more handsome
easy-going → more easy-going
The new computer is more expensive than the old one, but it is faster and more powerful.
His old football boots are more comfortable, but the new ones are more fashionable.
Alguns adjetivos de duas sílabas podem ter o comparativo formado por -er ou more.
simpler ou more simple
narrower ou more narrow
Comparações com than
Quando comparamos dois ou mais substantivos etc., o adjetivo é seguido
I think the pink flower is prettier than the yellow one.
Your tennis racket is newer than mine.
Howard is more hard-working than Peter.
Comparações com as … as
Usa-se as + adjetivo + as para descrever elementos que são semelhantes em algum aspecto.
The weather today is as hot as it was last week.
This suitcase is as large as that one.
Usa-se not as + adjetivo + as para descrever elementos que não são semelhantes em algum aspecto.
This TV programme is not as funny as the one I saw last night.
The train is not as fast as the plane.
Good, bad e far são irregulares em suas formas comparativas.
good → better
bad → worse
far → further / farther
I got better marks in the test this week.
The weather was bad yesterday, but it is worse today.
3 . Observe estes anúncios de dois carros e depois ouça a gravação. Você vai escutar Rob e Sandra conversarem sobre carros. Eles estão tentando decidir qual dos carros comprar.
Skowdy Sunset 1.4
Only 2 years old. Excellent condition. FSH. PS. Very cheap to run (approx 45 m.p.g.). Ideal family car. Price: £2800 o.n.o. Tel 08634 557811
Ferghini Python 3.7
8 years old. Seats 2. Leather seats. A/C. 0-60mph in 6 seconds. A real man’s car! Only £12000. Tel 08634 875423
4 . Use as palavras no quadro abaixo para completar as frases.
more friendly | cheaper | more economical | more exciting | newer | faster | more reliable
1 Sandra wants a ………………………… car than Rob.
2 Rob wants a ………………………… car than Sandra.
3 Sandra wants a ………………………… car than Rob.
4 Sandra wants a ………………………… car than Rob.
5 Sandra wants a ………………………… car than Rob.
6 Rob wants a ………………………… car than Sandra.
7 Sandra wants a car that’s ………………………… to the environment.
Algumas destas frases estão corretas, e outras contêm um erro. Corrija as que estiverem erradas.
1 I’m two years older than my sister.
2 This computer is great. It’s much easyer to use.
3 My new car is more fast than my old one.
4 You must be more careful in future.
5 He’s very rude. He should be politer to people.
A/C = ar-condicionado
condition (substantivo) = condição, estado
economical (adjetivo) = econômico
exciting (adjetivo) = excitante, emocionante
FSH – full service history = quem vende o carro tem o registro dos consertos feitos nele
o.n.o. – or near offer = o dono está preparado para aceitar uma quantia menor que o preço pedido
m.p.g. – miles per gallon = a distância que o carro percorre com um galão de gasolina. No Reino Unido e nos EUA as distâncias são medidas em milhas, e a gasolina é vendida em galões (EUA) e litros (RU)
personality (substantivo) = personalidade
PS – power steering = direção automática
reliable (adjetivo) = confiável, digno de confiança
vehicle (substantivo) = veículo
1-B; 2-D; 3-C; 4-A
3 more economical
5 more reliable
6 more exciting
7 more friendly
easyer = easier
more fast = faster
politer = more polite
- Lesson 1 - Meeting and greeting people
- Lesson 2 - Where do you come from?
- Lesson 3 - What do you do every day?
- Lesson 4 - Talk about your family
- Lesson 5 - Introducing people
- Lesson 6 - What work do you?
- Lesson 7 - Completing forms and giving personal details
- Lesson 8 - What can you do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 1
- Lesson 11 - Applying for a job (1)
- Lesson 12 - Leave a message
- Lesson 13 - Saying thank you
- Lesson 14 - What do you look like?
- Lesson 15 - Likes and dislikes (I)
- Lesson 16 - Likes and dislikes (2)
- Lesson 17 - Applying for a job (2)
- Lesson 18 - More family talk
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 2
- Lesson 1 - Asking where things are
- Lesson 2 - Giving directions
- Lesson 3 - Signs and notices (1)
- Lesson 4 - Telling the time
- Lesson 5 - Buying travel tickets
- Lesson 6 - What is happening?
- Lesson 7 - Signs and notices (2)
- Lesson 8 - What are you going to do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside mystery: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 3
- Lesson 11 - Asking about places
- Lesson 12 - How do you spell it?
- Lesson 13 - Finding out about cities
- Lesson 14 - Can you repeat that…?
- Lesson 15 - Making sense
- Lesson 16 - Finding out about countries
- Lesson 17 - Dealing with travel situations
- Lesson 18 - Ways to travel
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 4
- Lesson 1 - How much are they?
- Lesson 2 - Weights and measures
- Lesson 3 - Let’s have a takeaway!
- Lesson 4 - Convenience shopping
- Lesson 5 - Buying online
- Lesson 6 - Renting a room
- Lesson 7 - Hiring a car
- Lesson 8 - Placing an order
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 5
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 5
- Lesson 11 - How do you like to shop?
- Lesson 12 - Hotel information
- Lesson 13 - Checking in
- Lesson 14 - Making a complaint 1
- Lesson 15 - Checking out
- Lesson 16 - At the shopping center
- Lesson 17 - Exchanging goods
- Lesson 18 - Sending things by post
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 6
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 6
- Lesson 1 - Identifying people
- Lesson 2 - Is this yours?
- Lesson 3 - What do they want?
- Lesson 4 - Comparing people
- Lesson 5 - The biggest and the best
- Lesson 6 - Asking and answering questions
- Lesson 7 - What are they doing?
- Lesson 8 - Describing people
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 7
- Lesson 11 - Personalities
- Lesson 12 - What do you like doing?
- Lesson 13 - What did you do at the weekend?
- Lesson 14 - What was it like?
- Lesson 15 - Then and now
- Lesson 16 - Have you ever…?
- Lesson 17 - Multi-word verbs
- Lesson 18 - Party people
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 8
- Lesson 1 - Giving orders and making requests (1)
- Lesson 2 - Giving orders and making requests (2)
- Lesson 3 - Following and giving instructions
- Lesson 4 - Giving advice (1)
- Lesson 5 - Giving advice (2)
- Lesson 6 - Talking about obligation 1
- Lesson 7 - Saying how to do things
- Lesson 8 - Talking about quantity (1)
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 9
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 9
- Lesson 11 - Talking about quantity (2)
- Lesson 12 - Talking about quantity (3)
- Lesson 13 - Making suggestions and talking about probability
- Lesson 14 - Talking about cause and result
- Lesson 15 - Describing how something is done
- Lesson 16 - Describing something that is happening now
- Lesson 17 - Tell me about them
- Lesson 18 - Describing an action
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 10
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 10
- Lesson 1 - Asking about past events (1)
- Lesson 2 - Asking about past events (2)
- Lesson 3 - What were they doing?
- Lesson 4 - Telling a story
- Lesson 5 - What did you do next?
- Lesson 6 - When did it happen?
- Lesson 7 - Talking about obligation 2
- Lesson 8 - What’s going to happen?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 11
- Lesson 11 - Talking about future plans
- Lesson 12 - Saying when something is going to happen
- Lesson 13 - Talking about past events
- Lesson 14 - How do I get there?
- Lesson 15 - Reporting what people say (1)
- Lesson 16 - Famous lives
- Lesson 17 - Reporting what people say (2)
- Lesson 18 - Promises and resolutions
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 12
- Lesson 1 - Where do you like to go?
- Lesson 2 - Informal invitations
- Lesson 3 - Making travel plans
- Lesson 4 - Talking about the weather
- Lesson 5 - The hottest day
- Lesson 6 - What will you have?
- Lesson 7 - Making predictions
- Lesson 8 - Planning something special
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 13
- Lesson 11 - Making reservations
- Lesson 12 - Changing plans
- Lesson 13 - Let’s find out
- Lesson 14 - Could you tell me?
- Lesson 15 - Home and away
- Lesson 16 - I’m busy!
- Lesson 17 - A week away
- Lesson 18 - Keeping in touch
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 14
- Lesson 1 - Very entertaining
- Lesson 2 - Absolutely!
- Lesson 3 - Agreeing with someone
- Lesson 4 - Disagreeing with someone
- Lesson 5 - That’s ridiculous!
- Lesson 6 - Expressing preferences
- Lesson 7 - Wish you were here
- Lesson 8 - I can’t bear it…
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 15
- Lesson 11 - What do you think?
- Lesson 12 - I’m sorry…
- Lesson 13 - Giving explanations
- Lesson 14 - That’s quite all right
- Lesson 15 - Making a complaint 2
- Lesson 16 - Responding to a complaint
- Lesson 17 - On the contrary…
- Lesson 18 - Reaching a compromise
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 16
- Lesson 1 - Can I help you?
- Lesson 2 - Your call cannot be taken…
- Lesson 3 - Check it out!
- Lesson 4 - This is a message for…
- Lesson 5 - Just returning your call…
- Lesson 6 - CU L8ter
- Lesson 7 - Something has come up
- Lesson 8 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 5
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 17
- Lesson 10 - First of all…
- Lesson 11 - Advertising language
- Lesson 12 - I will let you know
- Lesson 13 - Saying it by text
- Lesson 14 - Signs as messages
- Lesson 15 - I’m sorry to have to tell you
- Lesson 16 - Facts and rumours
- Lesson 17 - Understanding our differences
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 6
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 18
- Lesson 1 - A drink for special occasions
- Lesson 2 - Changing jobs
- Lesson 3 - A new life
- Lesson 4 - Relax!
- Lesson 5 - Getting away from it all
- Lesson 6 - A gap year
- Lesson 7 - Now and then
- Lesson 8 - Changes
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 19
- Lesson 11 - Time out in Barcelona
- Lesson 12 - Downshifting
- Lesson 13 - Is downshifting for you?
- Lesson 14 - Getting used to things
- Lesson 15 - A different kind of life
- Lesson 16 - What’s happening?
- Lesson 17 - What happens next?
- Lesson 18 - The way we are
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 20
- Lesson 1 - How do you feel? (1)
- Lesson 2 - How do you feel? (2)
- Lesson 3 - How would you feel?
- Lesson 4 - Cheer up!
- Lesson 5 - I don’t believe it!
- Lesson 6 - I want, I want, I want …
- Lesson 7 - It’s your choice
- Lesson 8 - In my opinion…
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 21
- Lesson 10 - A bit of a disaster
- Lesson 11 - I’m certain
- Lesson 12 - I’m absolutely certain
- Lesson 13 - What a lovely meal!
- Lesson 14 - I’m sorry
- Lesson 15 - Expressing your views (1)
- Lesson 16 - Expressing your views (2)
- Lesson 17 - An interview
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 10
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 22
- Lesson 1 - Persuading someone (1)
- Lesson 2 - Persuading someone (2)
- Lesson 3 - Would you mind if I left early?
- Lesson 4 - Can I help?
- Lesson 5 - Can I offer you something to drink?
- Lesson 6 - Advice and regret
- Lesson 7 - I’m sorry, I can’t…
- Lesson 8 - Justifying your actions
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 23
- Lesson 11 - What should I do?
- Lesson 12 - Agreeing and disagreeing
- Lesson 13 - That’s settled then…
- Lesson 14 - I’ll meet you halfway…
- Lesson 15 - Making comparisons
- Lesson 16 - Do you approve?
- Lesson 17 - I’d rather not say…
- Lesson 18 - No, of course not…
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 24