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Stage 4

Asking and answering questions

Nesta aula do nosso curso online de inglês, você aprenderá a fazer e responder perguntas, além de outras importantes lições.

1 . Duncan está respondendo à carta de seu amigo Alan. Leia esta primeira parte da carta de Duncan.

Dear Alan,

Thanks for your letter. It was good to hear from you again. So, you want to know how I spend my time here in the city? Well, the weekdays aren’t very exciting. I wake up at 7 o’clock (when my alarm clock goes off), and I usually get up a few minutes later. I have some breakfast and then I phone my girlfriend. (She’s working nights at the hospital this month.) I often have to run to the station, to get the 7.48 train to work! My office is in the city centre; it’s about six miles from my home, so the journey takes me about half an hour. I start work at half past eight, and I usually have my lunch at about 12.30. I like to eat my lunch in the park – I can relax and think about the weekend!

Do you know?

I spend my time… O verbo spend pode ser usado tanto para se referir a tempo como a quantias em dinheiro. Por exemplo:
I spend Monday evenings studying English.
He spends a lot of money on clothes.

2 . Aqui estão algumas perguntas para Duncan e as respostas dele. Coloque as palavras e expressões na ordem correta de modo que formem perguntas.

Questions

1 wake up / do you / what time / ?

2 get up / do / when / you / ?

3 phone / who / do you / after breakfast / ?

4 get / you / to work / do / how / ?

5 your home / is / the office / from / how far / ?

6 office / your / is / where / ?

7 have / do you / for lunch / what / ?

8 do you / go / why / to the park / ?

Duncan’s answers

At 7o’clock, when my alarm clock goes off.

Oh, about ten past seven.

My girlfriend, Suzie. She finishes work then.

By train. I get the 7.48.

About six miles.

In the city centre.

Oh just a sandwich and some fruit.

Because I like to spend some time out of the office at lunchtime.

Ordem das palavras nas perguntas

1 Perguntas de Yes / No

Nas perguntas para as quais a resposta pode ser yes ou no, a ordem do sujeito e do auxiliar é invertida.
Afirmação: You are going to work today.
Pergunta: Are you going to work today?

Afirmação: They have been to Paris.
Pergunta: Have they been to Paris?

Nas perguntas no present simple e no past simple, usa-se o verbo auxiliar do + a forma infinitiva do verbo.
Afirmação: They went to the Caribbean last year.
Pergunta: Did they go to the Caribbean last year?

Afirmação: He leaves the house at half past seven every morning.
Pergunta: Does he leave the house at half past seven every morning?

Afirmação: You like my dog.
Pergunta: Do you like my dog?

2 Perguntas com Wh-

As perguntas com Wh- começam com um dos seguintes pronomes interrogativos: who, whom, what, which, whose, where, when, why e how. Estes vêm no início da frase.

Where do you live?
How do you prefer to travel?
What is your name?
Which do you prefer, Chinese or Japanese food? (Which em geral é usado quando existe uma escolha ou seleção limitada de elementos.)
When do you wake up?
Who do you work with?
Why are you leaving so early?

3 . Observe o diálogo abaixo e ouça a gravação. Depois complete as lacunas. As perguntas ajudam o diálogo a fluir.

A: What time do you get up?

B: At about half past six. (1)………………………?

A: Oh, a bit later than that. About seven o’clock. Do you always have breakfast?

B: Well, I usually just have a coffee. (2)………………………?

A: Oh, I need a big breakfast to get me going in the morning. (3)………………………?

B: No, I never feel like eating in the morning. But I always have a big lunch. (4) ………………………?

A: Oh no. I just have a sandwich or a bowl of soup. Something quite simple. But I do think that the evening meal should be the main meal of the day, (5)………………………?

B: Absolutely!

20 minutes+

Ouça a gravação e responda às perguntas usando suas próprias ideias. Ouça mais uma vez, faça uma pausa após cada pergunta e escreva suas respostas.


Word Bank

alarm clock (substantivo) = despertador

exciting (adjetivo) = excitante, emocionante

journey (substantivo) = jornada, viagem

office (substantivo) = escritório

relax (verbo) = descansar

traffic (substantivo) = trânsito


Respostas:

Exercício 2

1 What time do you wake up?

2 When do you get up?

3 Who do you phone after breakfast?

4 How do you get to work?

5 How far is your home from the office?

6 Where is your office?

7 What do you have for lunch?

8 Why do you go to the park?

Exercício 3

1 What about you?

2 And you?

3 Don’t you?

4 How about you?

5 Don’t you agree?

20 minutes+

Individual answers