Asking and answering questions
Nesta aula do nosso curso online de inglês, você aprenderá a fazer e responder perguntas, além de outras importantes lições.
1 . Duncan está respondendo à carta de seu amigo Alan. Leia esta primeira parte da carta de Duncan.
Thanks for your letter. It was good to hear from you again. So, you want to know how I spend my time here in the city? Well, the weekdays aren’t very exciting. I wake up at 7 o’clock (when my alarm clock goes off), and I usually get up a few minutes later. I have some breakfast and then I phone my girlfriend. (She’s working nights at the hospital this month.) I often have to run to the station, to get the 7.48 train to work! My office is in the city centre; it’s about six miles from my home, so the journey takes me about half an hour. I start work at half past eight, and I usually have my lunch at about 12.30. I like to eat my lunch in the park – I can relax and think about the weekend!
Do you know?
I spend my time… O verbo spend pode ser usado tanto para se referir a tempo como a quantias em dinheiro. Por exemplo:
I spend Monday evenings studying English.
He spends a lot of money on clothes.
2 . Aqui estão algumas perguntas para Duncan e as respostas dele. Coloque as palavras e expressões na ordem correta de modo que formem perguntas.
1 wake up / do you / what time / ?
2 get up / do / when / you / ?
3 phone / who / do you / after breakfast / ?
4 get / you / to work / do / how / ?
5 your home / is / the office / from / how far / ?
6 office / your / is / where / ?
7 have / do you / for lunch / what / ?
8 do you / go / why / to the park / ?
At 7o’clock, when my alarm clock goes off.
Oh, about ten past seven.
My girlfriend, Suzie. She finishes work then.
By train. I get the 7.48.
About six miles.
In the city centre.
Oh just a sandwich and some fruit.
Because I like to spend some time out of the office at lunchtime.
Ordem das palavras nas perguntas
1 Perguntas de Yes / No
Nas perguntas para as quais a resposta pode ser yes ou no, a ordem do sujeito e do auxiliar é invertida.
Afirmação: You are going to work today.
Pergunta: Are you going to work today?
Afirmação: They have been to Paris.
Pergunta: Have they been to Paris?
Nas perguntas no present simple e no past simple, usa-se o verbo auxiliar do + a forma infinitiva do verbo.
Afirmação: They went to the Caribbean last year.
Pergunta: Did they go to the Caribbean last year?
Afirmação: He leaves the house at half past seven every morning.
Pergunta: Does he leave the house at half past seven every morning?
Afirmação: You like my dog.
Pergunta: Do you like my dog?
2 Perguntas com Wh-
As perguntas com Wh- começam com um dos seguintes pronomes interrogativos: who, whom, what, which, whose, where, when, why e how. Estes vêm no início da frase.
Where do you live?
How do you prefer to travel?
What is your name?
Which do you prefer, Chinese or Japanese food? (Which em geral é usado quando existe uma escolha ou seleção limitada de elementos.)
When do you wake up?
Who do you work with?
Why are you leaving so early?
3 . Observe o diálogo abaixo e ouça a gravação. Depois complete as lacunas. As perguntas ajudam o diálogo a fluir.
A: What time do you get up?
B: At about half past six. (1)………………………?
A: Oh, a bit later than that. About seven o’clock. Do you always have breakfast?
B: Well, I usually just have a coffee. (2)………………………?
A: Oh, I need a big breakfast to get me going in the morning. (3)………………………?
B: No, I never feel like eating in the morning. But I always have a big lunch. (4) ………………………?
A: Oh no. I just have a sandwich or a bowl of soup. Something quite simple. But I do think that the evening meal should be the main meal of the day, (5)………………………?
Ouça a gravação e responda às perguntas usando suas próprias ideias. Ouça mais uma vez, faça uma pausa após cada pergunta e escreva suas respostas.
alarm clock (substantivo) = despertador
exciting (adjetivo) = excitante, emocionante
journey (substantivo) = jornada, viagem
office (substantivo) = escritório
relax (verbo) = descansar
traffic (substantivo) = trânsito
1 What time do you wake up?
2 When do you get up?
3 Who do you phone after breakfast?
4 How do you get to work?
5 How far is your home from the office?
6 Where is your office?
7 What do you have for lunch?
8 Why do you go to the park?
1 What about you?
2 And you?
3 Don’t you?
4 How about you?
5 Don’t you agree?
- Lesson 1 - Meeting and greeting people
- Lesson 2 - Where do you come from?
- Lesson 3 - What do you do every day?
- Lesson 4 - Talk about your family
- Lesson 5 - Introducing people
- Lesson 6 - What work do you?
- Lesson 7 - Completing forms and giving personal details
- Lesson 8 - What can you do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 1
- Lesson 11 - Applying for a job (1)
- Lesson 12 - Leave a message
- Lesson 13 - Saying thank you
- Lesson 14 - What do you look like?
- Lesson 15 - Likes and dislikes (I)
- Lesson 16 - Likes and dislikes (2)
- Lesson 17 - Applying for a job (2)
- Lesson 18 - More family talk
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 2
- Lesson 1 - Asking where things are
- Lesson 2 - Giving directions
- Lesson 3 - Signs and notices (1)
- Lesson 4 - Telling the time
- Lesson 5 - Buying travel tickets
- Lesson 6 - What is happening?
- Lesson 7 - Signs and notices (2)
- Lesson 8 - What are you going to do?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside mystery: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 3
- Lesson 11 - Asking about places
- Lesson 12 - How do you spell it?
- Lesson 13 - Finding out about cities
- Lesson 14 - Can you repeat that…?
- Lesson 15 - Making sense
- Lesson 16 - Finding out about countries
- Lesson 17 - Dealing with travel situations
- Lesson 18 - Ways to travel
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 4
- Lesson 1 - How much are they?
- Lesson 2 - Weights and measures
- Lesson 3 - Let’s have a takeaway!
- Lesson 4 - Convenience shopping
- Lesson 5 - Buying online
- Lesson 6 - Renting a room
- Lesson 7 - Hiring a car
- Lesson 8 - Placing an order
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 5
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 5
- Lesson 11 - How do you like to shop?
- Lesson 12 - Hotel information
- Lesson 13 - Checking in
- Lesson 14 - Making a complaint 1
- Lesson 15 - Checking out
- Lesson 16 - At the shopping center
- Lesson 17 - Exchanging goods
- Lesson 18 - Sending things by post
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 6
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 6
- Lesson 1 - Identifying people
- Lesson 2 - Is this yours?
- Lesson 3 - What do they want?
- Lesson 4 - Comparing people
- Lesson 5 - The biggest and the best
- Lesson 6 - Asking and answering questions
- Lesson 7 - What are they doing?
- Lesson 8 - Describing people
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 7
- Lesson 11 - Personalities
- Lesson 12 - What do you like doing?
- Lesson 13 - What did you do at the weekend?
- Lesson 14 - What was it like?
- Lesson 15 - Then and now
- Lesson 16 - Have you ever…?
- Lesson 17 - Multi-word verbs
- Lesson 18 - Party people
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 8
- Lesson 1 - Giving orders and making requests (1)
- Lesson 2 - Giving orders and making requests (2)
- Lesson 3 - Following and giving instructions
- Lesson 4 - Giving advice (1)
- Lesson 5 - Giving advice (2)
- Lesson 6 - Talking about obligation 1
- Lesson 7 - Saying how to do things
- Lesson 8 - Talking about quantity (1)
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 9
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 9
- Lesson 11 - Talking about quantity (2)
- Lesson 12 - Talking about quantity (3)
- Lesson 13 - Making suggestions and talking about probability
- Lesson 14 - Talking about cause and result
- Lesson 15 - Describing how something is done
- Lesson 16 - Describing something that is happening now
- Lesson 17 - Tell me about them
- Lesson 18 - Describing an action
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 10
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 10
- Lesson 1 - Asking about past events (1)
- Lesson 2 - Asking about past events (2)
- Lesson 3 - What were they doing?
- Lesson 4 - Telling a story
- Lesson 5 - What did you do next?
- Lesson 6 - When did it happen?
- Lesson 7 - Talking about obligation 2
- Lesson 8 - What’s going to happen?
- Lesson 9 - Seaside Mystery: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 11
- Lesson 11 - Talking about future plans
- Lesson 12 - Saying when something is going to happen
- Lesson 13 - Talking about past events
- Lesson 14 - How do I get there?
- Lesson 15 - Reporting what people say (1)
- Lesson 16 - Famous lives
- Lesson 17 - Reporting what people say (2)
- Lesson 18 - Promises and resolutions
- Lesson 19 - Seaside Mystery: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 12
- Lesson 1 - Where do you like to go?
- Lesson 2 - Informal invitations
- Lesson 3 - Making travel plans
- Lesson 4 - Talking about the weather
- Lesson 5 - The hottest day
- Lesson 6 - What will you have?
- Lesson 7 - Making predictions
- Lesson 8 - Planning something special
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 1
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 13
- Lesson 11 - Making reservations
- Lesson 12 - Changing plans
- Lesson 13 - Let’s find out
- Lesson 14 - Could you tell me?
- Lesson 15 - Home and away
- Lesson 16 - I’m busy!
- Lesson 17 - A week away
- Lesson 18 - Keeping in touch
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 2
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 14
- Lesson 1 - Very entertaining
- Lesson 2 - Absolutely!
- Lesson 3 - Agreeing with someone
- Lesson 4 - Disagreeing with someone
- Lesson 5 - That’s ridiculous!
- Lesson 6 - Expressing preferences
- Lesson 7 - Wish you were here
- Lesson 8 - I can’t bear it…
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 3
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 15
- Lesson 11 - What do you think?
- Lesson 12 - I’m sorry…
- Lesson 13 - Giving explanations
- Lesson 14 - That’s quite all right
- Lesson 15 - Making a complaint 2
- Lesson 16 - Responding to a complaint
- Lesson 17 - On the contrary…
- Lesson 18 - Reaching a compromise
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 4
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 16
- Lesson 1 - Can I help you?
- Lesson 2 - Your call cannot be taken…
- Lesson 3 - Check it out!
- Lesson 4 - This is a message for…
- Lesson 5 - Just returning your call…
- Lesson 6 - CU L8ter
- Lesson 7 - Something has come up
- Lesson 8 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 5
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 17
- Lesson 10 - First of all…
- Lesson 11 - Advertising language
- Lesson 12 - I will let you know
- Lesson 13 - Saying it by text
- Lesson 14 - Signs as messages
- Lesson 15 - I’m sorry to have to tell you
- Lesson 16 - Facts and rumours
- Lesson 17 - Understanding our differences
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 6
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 18
- Lesson 1 - A drink for special occasions
- Lesson 2 - Changing jobs
- Lesson 3 - A new life
- Lesson 4 - Relax!
- Lesson 5 - Getting away from it all
- Lesson 6 - A gap year
- Lesson 7 - Now and then
- Lesson 8 - Changes
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 7
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 19
- Lesson 11 - Time out in Barcelona
- Lesson 12 - Downshifting
- Lesson 13 - Is downshifting for you?
- Lesson 14 - Getting used to things
- Lesson 15 - A different kind of life
- Lesson 16 - What’s happening?
- Lesson 17 - What happens next?
- Lesson 18 - The way we are
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 8
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 20
- Lesson 1 - How do you feel? (1)
- Lesson 2 - How do you feel? (2)
- Lesson 3 - How would you feel?
- Lesson 4 - Cheer up!
- Lesson 5 - I don’t believe it!
- Lesson 6 - I want, I want, I want …
- Lesson 7 - It’s your choice
- Lesson 8 - In my opinion…
- Lesson 9 - Check your progress 21
- Lesson 10 - A bit of a disaster
- Lesson 11 - I’m certain
- Lesson 12 - I’m absolutely certain
- Lesson 13 - What a lovely meal!
- Lesson 14 - I’m sorry
- Lesson 15 - Expressing your views (1)
- Lesson 16 - Expressing your views (2)
- Lesson 17 - An interview
- Lesson 18 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 10
- Lesson 19 - Check your progress 22
- Lesson 1 - Persuading someone (1)
- Lesson 2 - Persuading someone (2)
- Lesson 3 - Would you mind if I left early?
- Lesson 4 - Can I help?
- Lesson 5 - Can I offer you something to drink?
- Lesson 6 - Advice and regret
- Lesson 7 - I’m sorry, I can’t…
- Lesson 8 - Justifying your actions
- Lesson 9 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 11
- Lesson 10 - Check your progress 23
- Lesson 11 - What should I do?
- Lesson 12 - Agreeing and disagreeing
- Lesson 13 - That’s settled then…
- Lesson 14 - I’ll meet you halfway…
- Lesson 15 - Making comparisons
- Lesson 16 - Do you approve?
- Lesson 17 - I’d rather not say…
- Lesson 18 - No, of course not…
- Lesson 19 - Marianne’s Journey: Part 12
- Lesson 20 - Check your progress 24